- Outbreak of bacterial endocarditis associated wi...
- Understanding patients’ oral health information ...
- Periodontal status of current methamphetamine us...
- Digital versus conventional impressions for full...
- Bleeding frequency of patients taking ticagrelor...
- Intimate partner violence screening in the denta...
- Surface characteristics and lesion depth and act...
Outbreak of bacterial endocarditis associated with an oral surgery practice
In October and November 2014, the New Jersey Department of Health received reports of 3 patients who developed Enterococcus faecalis endocarditis after undergoing surgical procedures at the same oral surgery practice in New Jersey. Bacterial endocarditis is an uncommon but lifethreatening condition; 3 patients with enterococcal endocarditis associated with a single oral surgery practice is unusual. An investigation was initiated because of the potential ongoing public health risk. Public health officials conducted retrospective surveillance to identify additional patients with endocarditis associated with the practice. They interviewed patients using a standardized questionnaire. An investigative public health team inspected the office environment, interviewed staff, and reviewed medical records.
Key Words. Endocarditis; Enterococcus faecalis; health careeassociated outbreak; infection control; injection safety.
Understanding patients’ oral health information needs
Patient engagement through web-based patient health portals (PHP) can offer important benefits to patients and provider organizations by improving both quality and access to care. The authors studied the most relevant, patient-identified, oral health information available in the PHP to inform their assessment of patient-centered care. The authors distributed a 17-question, paper-based survey to patients aged 18 through 80 years in the waiting rooms of 8 dental centers in Wisconsin. Descriptive statistics, along with differences in percentages by sex, age group, and metropolitan status were reported using the c2 and Wilcoxon rank sum test.
Key Words. Patient-centered care; electronic health records; patient portals; surveys and questionnaires; oral health.
Periodontal status of current methamphetamine users
Methamphetamine (MA) use is associated with extensive dental caries. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in a convenience sample of MA users. In this cross-sectional survey, MA users were recruited with a combination of snowball sampling and street outreach techniques. Three dentists, trained and calibrated to the oral assessments used in the National Health and Nutrition Survey, measured and recorded the participants’ attachment loss, probing depth, and gingival recession. Concomitant interviews elicited psychological, substance use, medication, and dietary habits associated with MA use.
Key Words. Epidemiology; dental public health; methamphetamine; periodontitis.
Digital versus conventional impressions for full-coverage restorations
The primary objective of this systematic review was to investigate the survival of full-coverage restorations fabricated by using digital impressions (DIs) versus that of those fabricated by using conventional impressions. The authors also compared secondary outcomes of marginal and internal fit and occlusal and interproximal contacts. The authors conducted a systematic literature search in multiple databases to identify clinical trials with no restrictions by publication type, date, or language. The authors assessed study-level risk of bias and outcome-level strength of evidence. The authors performed a meta-analysis by using a random-effects model.
Key Words. Crowns survival; CAD-CAM; marginal adaptation; internal fit; systematic review; meta-analysis.
Bleeding frequency of patients taking ticagrelor, aspirin, clopidogrel, and dual antiplatelet therapy after tooth extraction and minor oral surgery
Perioperative bleeding complications of ticagrelor, a newer oral antiplatelet, has not been studied in dentistry. Studies about bleeding status after oral surgical procedures in patients receiving continued antiplatelet therapy are also limited. We investigated the effects of continuing aspirin, clopidogrel, ticagrelor, or dual antiplatelet therapy on the frequency of bleeding events in patients undergoing tooth extractions or minor oral surgery. In this retrospective study, patient demographic characteristics, medical history, type of antiplatelet therapy, dental procedures, and perioperative bleeding associated with tooth extraction or other minor oral surgical procedures were obtained from the dental records of 222 patients. Bleeding was classified as normal, mild, moderate, or severe.
Key Words. Bleeding; dual antiplatelet therapy; surgery; tooth extraction; aspirin; clopidogrel; ticagrelor.
Intimate partner violence screening in the dental setting
The dental setting is a potential venue for identifying patients experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV). The study objective was to assess dentists’ current practices and attitudes about IPV screening. A nationally representative survey of US general dentists assessed dentists’ use of health history forms that queried about IPV and their acceptance of IPV screening as part of their professional roles. Parsimonious Poisson regression models were used in multivariable analysis to estimate risk ratios for the 2 dependent variables.
Key Words. Intimate partner violence; oral health; screening.
Surface characteristics and lesion depth and activity of suspicious occlusal carious lesions
A lesion on an occlusal tooth surface with no cavitation and no radiographic radiolucency but in which caries is suspected owing to surface roughness, opacities, or staining can be defined as a suspicious occlusal carious lesion (SOCL). The authors’ objective was to quantify the characteristics of SOCLs and their relationship to lesion depth and activity after these lesions were opened surgically. Ninety-three dentists participated in the study. When a consenting patient had an SOCL, information was recorded about the tooth, lesion, treatment provided, and, if the SOCL was opened surgically, its lesion depth. The Rao-Scott cluster-adjusted c2 test was used to evaluate associations between lesion depth and color, roughness, patient risk, and luster.
Key Words. Evidence-based dentistry; carious lesions; dentin.
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