Skip to main content
Toggle Menu of ADA WebSites
ADA Websites
Toggle Member Links
Toggle Menu
e-mail Print Share
Establishing the association between nonnutritive sucking behavior and malocclusions (December 2016 Article 1)
CE Credit(s):
Member Price:
Retail Price:
Open Tabs

JADA December 2016
The authors studied the effects of nonnutritive sucking behavior (NNSB) on malocclusions through a systematic review of association (etiology). The authors performed a 3-step search strategy, including electronic searches. Studies of healthy participants with a history of active or previous NNSB, for whom specific malocclusion outcomes had been assessed, were eligible for inclusion. The authors considered before-and-after studies, prospective and retrospective (longitudinal) studies, case-control studies, and analytical cross-sectional studies. They excluded reviews, text and opinion-based articles, conference abstracts, case reports, case-series, and descriptive cross-sectional studies. The authors, using standardized instruments, independently assessed methodological quality and extracted data from the included studies. In situations for which there were sufficient studies, the authors conducted meta-analyses using the random-effects model, supplemented with the fixed-effects model in situations for which statistical heterogeneity was less than 50%, which the authors assessed using the I2 statistic.

Related Courses:


More from the ADA: