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Malocclusions in young children (August 2017 Article 2)
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JADA August 2017
Researchers have purported that breast-feeding can decrease the risk of malocclusions. The authors studied the relationship of breast-feeding on malocclusions in young children by means of conducting a systematic review of association (etiology). The authors used a 3-step search strategy, including electronic searches. They considered studies whose investigators included healthy children with primary dentition with a history of breast-feeding and in which the study investigators had assessed specific malocclusion outcomes to be eligible for inclusion in this review. The authors considered prospective and retrospective (longitudinal) studies, case-control studies, and analytical cross-sectional studies. Two of the authors, using standardized instruments, independently assessed the methodological quality and extracted data from the included studies. For situations for which there were a sufficient number of studies, the authors conducted meta-analyses using the random-effects model, supplemented with the fixed-effects model in situations for which statistical heterogeneity was 50% or less, assessed using the I2 statistic.

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