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Emergency Medicine Part 3: Basic Management
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During August, take 50% off this course with the promo code TREATALL50R

Updated for 2018
This program reviews the basic management protocol for all medical emergencies occurring in the dental office environment –P-C-A-B-D (Positioning – Circulation – Airway – Breathing – Definitive Care). 


Learning Objectives:

  1. List the steps in the Basic Algorithm in Managing Medical Emergencies
  2. Describe each of the steps of the Basic Algorithm
  3. Describe the proper positioning for patients during a medical emergency
  4. Describe the method of assessing airway patency and of managing a patent airway
  5. Describe the method of assessing breathing and of ventilating an apneic patient
  6. Describe the method of assessing circulation
  7. List and discuss the use of advanced airway devices


In this section the basic management of all medical emergencies is introduced. The algorithm is P-C-A-B-D – Positioning – Circulation – Airway – Breathing – Definitive Care. Each of these steps is described for (1) the conscious patient and (2) the unconscious patient.


  1. Introduction
    1. Legal obligation of healthcare provider in medical emergency
  2. Recognition & diagnosis of emergency situation
    1. By patient
      1. Angina pectoris
      2. Bronchospasm (asthma)
    2. By doctor or dental staff
      1. Diagnosis based on response – or lack of – to emergency treatment
        1. Syncope
        2. Cardiac arrest
        3. Hypoglycemia
    3. Through recognition of presenting signs & symptoms 
  3. The basic emergency management algorithm: P – C – A – B – D
    1. P = Positioning of victim
      1. Conscious
      2. Unconscious
    2. C = Circulation
      1. Conscious
      2. Unconscious
    3. A = Airway
      1. Conscious
      2. Unconscious
    4. B = Breathing
      1. Conscious
      2. Unconscious
    5. D = Definitive care
      1. Diagnosis
      2. Drugs
      3. Defibrillation



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